25 February 2007 - 22 March 2007
Human trafficking is said to be the third largest illegal trade after drug trafficking and arms trade. According to the US Dept. of State’s Trafficking in Persons (TIP) 2005 report, an estimated 600,000 to 800,000 men, women, and children are trafficked across international borders each year. Approximately 80 percent of them are women and girls and up to 50 percent are minors. The fight against the inhuman practice of trafficking of persons needs no justification. Especially children at their tender age need to play and study are instead victims of a silent organised crime.
According to ILO (2003), of the 8.4 million children engaged in worst forms of child labor, 1.2 million are victims of trafficking. India is also on Tier 2 watch list in the Trafficking in Persons report of the U.S. State Department. Approximately 5000-7000 Nepali girls and an estimated 10,000-20,000 women and children from Bangladesh, are trafficked across the border to India each year, mostly ending up as commercial sex workers. The effects of sexual exploitation on children are profound and may be permanent. Normal sexual, physical and emotional development is stunted. Sexually exploited children are especially vulnerable to the effects of physical and verbal violence, drugs and sexually transmitted diseases, especially HIV/AIDS. Children within India, Bangladesh and Nepal are trafficked from rural areas to urban centers into a variety of exploitative situations, and are trafficked to work in rural based industries such as carpet, glass bangles, sporting goods, embroidery, etc.